By Frank Neal (auth.)
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Additional info for Black ’47: Britain and the Famine Irish
Both Irish and non Irish working classes lived in such conditions. The main area of Irish settlement in Liverpool, was die north-end. Six months before the 1841 census enumeration, a survey was taken of die population living in courts and cellars in the parish of Liverpool. 1 below shows the increase in the Irish born population in the various wards over the period of the famine crisis. The striking feature is the high proportion of court and cellar dwellers in the wards containing large numbers of Irish.
During the years following the 1841 census the Vauxhall, Exchange and Scotland wards experienced nearly 18 000 Irish move into the area. The fall in the population of St Pauls, also in the north-end, was caused by the demolition of housing to make way for a railway, so increasing the pressure of demand for low cost housing in the other wards. In the south-end, Great George and north and south Toxteth witnessed an increase of 5850 in the numbers of Irish born. The wards widi die high percentages of Irish were also the wards with the largest numbers of court and cellar dwellings.
I think that Lancashire has so increased by her manufacturies, that in all probability we might have been deficient in labourers if it had not been for the immigration of the Irish. From that I conclude diat it is not unfair in principle that where they have given their best services for a number of years, for the best period of their life, they should receive assistance on emergencies when they fall into distress, sickness, old age or any other casualty. As there are no poor laws in Ireland, there can be no means by which they can prolong life if they are passed back.
Black ’47: Britain and the Famine Irish by Frank Neal (auth.)