By Spencer C. Tucker
The mythic and doomed stand of the three hundred Spartans at Thermopylae; the siege of Carthage in 149-146 BCE, which ended with Rome destroying the town and enslaving the total closing Carthaginian inhabitants; the conflict of Hastings in 1066, arguably an important conflict ever on English soil; the conflict of Trenton that kept the yankee progressive reason and tested the army recognition of common Washington; the firebombing of Tokyo at the evening of March 9-10, 1945, that destroyed one area of the city.All of those conflicts—and 1000's more—played a very important function in defining the course of background and the evolution of human society. this article presents excessive school-level readers with specified descriptions of the battlefield activities that experience performed the best components in shaping army heritage and human lifestyles. designated consciousness is paid to the higher ancient context and value of every conflict, in particular on the subject of different occasions.
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Extra resources for Battles that Changed History: An Encyclopedia of World Conflict
The leader of this revolt, Aristagoras, traveled to Greece to solicit aid. Sparta refused, but Athens responded with 20 ships, and Eretria (a city on the island of Euboea) responded with 5 ships. As Herodotus notes, when this small Greek naval force sailed, it marked the beginning of trouble for mainland Greece. Although the rebels took and burned Sardis, the principal Persian city of western Anatolia, Greek disunity and the desertion of the Samians and Lesbians led to the defeat of the Greek fleet in a battle off the island of Lade in 494.
Leonidas had chosen only fathers with sons so that no Spartan family line would be extinguished. The same day that the fleets clashed at Artemisium, Xerxes launched his first attack against the Greek defenders at Thermopylae. They were driven back. Xerxes committed his famous Guards Division, the Ten Thousand Immortals, but they too were forced back in disorder. The pass was piled high with corpses. Xerxes tried again the next day, but the defenders repelled this assault as well. Leonidas and his troops were eventually overwhelmed, however, not by the bravery of the Persians but by the treachery of Hellenes.
When news came of the Greek defeat at Thermopylae, the remaining Greek triremes sailed south to Salamis to provide security for the city of Athens. With no barrier remaining between Athens and the Persian land force, the proclamation was made that every Athenian should save his family as best he could. Some citizens fled to Salamis or the Peloponnese, and some men joined the crews of the returning triremes. When Xerxes and his army arrived at Athens the city was devoid of civilians, although some troops remained to stage a defense (largely symbolic) of the Acropolis.
Battles that Changed History: An Encyclopedia of World Conflict by Spencer C. Tucker