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Ancient Indian social history : some interpretations by Romila Thapar PDF

By Romila Thapar

ISBN-10: 812500808X

ISBN-13: 9788125008088

A suite Of Papers That translates Afresh, identified evidence in regards to the Early interval Of Indian historical past as much as the top Of the 1st Millennium advert. The Papers talk about a number of linked subject matters comparable to Society And faith, Social category And Mobility And The examine Of neighborhood background. an invaluable Reference publication For Postgraduate scholars Of historical past.

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Karve, Hindu Society — an Interpretation (Poona, 1961) ; and M. N. Srinivas, Caste in Modern India and Other Essays (Bombay, 1962) have helped to create an interest in this kind of investigation. 41. C. Drekmeier, Kingship and Community in Early India (Stan­ ford, 1962). 42. The work of non-Indian scholars such as A. L. Basham, The Wonder That Was India (London, 1954) is widely accepted in Indian historical circles. During the 1930's and the 1940's the major con­ tributions of non-Indian scholars to the early history of India came from France in the work of Louis de le Valle Poussin, VInde aux temps des Mauryas .

The acceptance of a monarchical system by these tribes in­ troduced two new features. The political structure required by kingship encouraged an element of authoritarianism amongst the law-makers. The close association of kingship with divinity was projected into the realm o f laws and pro­ vided a supernatural sanction for the laws whenever neces­ sary. The status o f the individual in society came to be con­ ditioned by these new factors. The Buddhist tradition originated at a time when tribal loyalty was changing into territorial loyalty and there was d sharper awareness of political organization.

12 The rules of dharma were formulated by the law-makers who were by and large members of the brahman caste and who naturally tried to maintain the superiority o f their caste. Inevitably, since they were the ones who gave defini­ tion to dharma, the innate superiority of the brahman was expounded. As a complement to this it was necessary to for­ mulate a system of social hierarchies. 13 Certain categories of brahmans were immune from the more exacting labours of routine living such as paying taxes, and could on occasion be regarded as above the law.

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