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Against their will. The history and geography of forced by Pavel Polian PDF

By Pavel Polian

In the course of his reign over the previous Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin oversaw the compelled resettlement of six million humans -- a maniacal ardour that he used for social engineering. The Soviets weren't the 1st to thrust resettlement on its inhabitants -- a tremendous attribute of totalitarian structures -- yet when it comes to sheer numbers, applied sciences used to deport humans and the lawlessness which followed it, Stalin's approach was once the main awesome. Six million humans of other social, ethnic, and professions have been resettled earlier than Stalin's loss of life. Even at the present time, the aftermath of such deportations mostly predetermines occasions which happen within the northern Caucasus, Crimea, the Baltic republics, Moldavia, and western Ukraine. Polian's quantity is the 1st try to comprehensively research the historical past of compelled and semivoluntary inhabitants pursuits inside of or geared up by way of the Soviet Union. Contents variety from the early Nineteen Twenties to the rehabilitation of repressed nationalities within the Nineties facing inner (kulaks, ethnic and political deportations) and foreign compelled migrations (German internees and occupied territories). An abundance of proof, figures, tables, maps, and an exhaustively-detailed annex will function vital assets for extra researches.

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Additional info for Against their will. The history and geography of forced migration in the USSR.

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7 million left Spain altogether (mainly heading for France and its North African colonies, but also for Latin America and the USSR). 35 The total number of refugees in France itself amounted to 5 million persons, including 70 thousand Alsace residents that fled in 1940, Prehistory and Classification 29 after the German annexation, being unwilling to seek glory in battles wearing the Wehrmacht uniform. If one looks upon the war as a global fight between two coalitions, one has to recognize the fact that both sides contributed to the ensuing historical and human catastrophe.

8 The Russian authorities also made attempts to impose their order on the internal arrangement of highlanders’ settlements. 9 Shamil realized the danger the stable domicile and enlarged settlements represented for his cause, and made the principle of establishing small auls and even forest camps a constituent of his settlement policy, which naturally placed additional pressure on the ordinary population. After Shamil was captured and the Caucasian war came to a victorious end in the eastern Caucasus, the Russian government intended a total resettlement of the highland Chechens from the Caucasus.

75) zones. Besides, 500 thousand Germans from Hungary were assigned to the US zone; and Germans of Austrian descent (150 thousand) were to be settled in the French occupation zone. 74 For example, the resettlement from Poland to the British zone was launched in February 1946 (by routes Stettin— Lubek, and Korford—Gelmannstadt) and was carried out with rather high intensity: 22 trains per week. Not having capacities for handling such a flow, the British closed their border in the middle of August and limited the weekly number of accepted trains to two.

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Against their will. The history and geography of forced migration in the USSR. by Pavel Polian

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